This section contains 3 Panoramas.
Cyfarthfa Castle 2
Commissioned in 1824 by the ironmaster William Crawshay, this grand building is a testament to Merthyr Tydfil's glory in the Industrial Age of South Wales. Merthyr's iron works contributed to a major influx of people from all over Britain and beyond - making it Wales' first largest town.
Cyfarthfa Castle 1
Built in 1824, Cyfarthfa Castle is an impressive monument to the Industrial Revolution. Once a Regency mansion, it now houses a magnificent museum and art gallery. The basement atmospherically recalls over 3,000 years of history in this important Welsh town. The castle is set in 160 acres of parkland containing formal gardens, sweeping lawns, a lake and children's play facilities.
One of the most remarkable memorials in Vaynor Churchyard is the grave of Robert Thompson Crawshay, known as the 'Iron King'. It is a slab of stone of immense size said to weigh 10 tons. He famously had the inscription ‘God forgive me’ on his grave. This has been interpreted as meaning that he was sorry for his actions (closing the Cyfarthfa Works and making hundreds of his workforce destitute and possibly also the way he behaved towards his own family), however, these words were a very common inscription on Victorian tombstones.